Alexander Archipenko


Archipenko war der Sohn eines Mechanikers und studierte von 1902 bis 1905 Malerei sowie Bildhauerei an der Kunstakademie in Kiew. Nach einem Verweis wegen Rebellion gegen akademische Lehrmethoden im Jahre 1906 arbeitete er selbständig in Moskau. 1908 verließ er Russland um Anschluss an die moderne westeuropäische Plastik zu bekommen. Er zog zunächst nach Paris, wo er an der École des Beaux-Arts studierte, die er aufgrund der dortigen Kunstauffassung wieder verließ. 1911 eröffnete er seine erste Kunstschule, trat 1912 der Section d’Or bei und begegnete unter anderem Pablo Picasso.
Zu Beginn seines Schaffens formte Archipenko stilisierte Objekte mit fließenden Formen. 1910 übertrug er als erster Bildhauer den Kubismus auf die Plastik und entwickelte die sogenannte Skulpto-Malerei von 1910 bis 1914. Dabei entstanden Figuren mit Leerräumen, bei denen konvexe Formen in konkave übergingen. Die Schreitende Frau aus dem Jahr 1912 war eines der ersten Beispiele für diese neue Richtung. Seit 1910 stellte er seine Arbeiten aus und nach 1919 sowohl in ganz Europa als auch in den USA. Von 1920 bis 1923 lebte er in Berlin, wo er eine weitere Kunstschule gründete.
Quelle: Wikipedia


1887Alexander Archipenko is born in Kiev, Ukraine, son of Porfiry Antonowitsch and Poroskowia Wassiliewna Machowa, brother of Eugene.

1902 - 1905Studies painting and sculpture at the Kiev art school.

1906Moves to Moscow where he exhibits in group shows.

1909Arrives in Paris. Finds the Ecole des Beaux-Arts too academic and leaves after approximately two weeks for independent study at the Louvre and other Parisian museums.
Establishes an independent studio at Montparnasse. Frequents the artists’ colony La Ruche where he meets Modigliani, Léger, Apollinaire, Cendrars, Gaudier-Brzeska and Raynal.

1910Frequents the Duchamp brothers’ salons.

1911Review of Salon d’Automne caricatures Woman With Cat.

1912Opens art school in Paris.
Boccioni who arrived in Paris in 1911, visits Archipenko in his studio.
Creates Médrano I, a sculpture with movable parts and constructed of various materials: wood, glass, and metal wire.

1914Creates first sculpto-paintings. Develops sculptural elements of color, the void, concave and convex, and geometric forms further.
August 1: Germany declares war against France and Russia. Many artists leave Paris and move to the South of France. Archipenko spends the war years (1914 - 1918) in Cimiez, near Nice, at Château Valrose. The group of artists living in Nice includes Ferat, Tsuguharu Foujita, Henri Matisse, Amedeo Modigliani, Morgan Russel, Chaim Soutine and Leopold Survage.

1917Develops La Vie Humaine, a cubist play.

1918Correspondence with Theo van Doesburg, De Stijl Group.
Blaise Cendrars dedicates his poem “La tête” to Archipenko.

1919Sally Falk acquires Archipenko’s work.
Marthe Donas becomes a close friend.
Spends time in Nice working on sculpto-paintings, which he presents the following year at the Salon des Indépendants.
November: Marcel Duchamp brings Katherine Dreier to Archipenko’s studio.

1921Opens art school in Berlin, also keeps his studio in Paris.
Marries Angelica Forster (1893 - 1957), a German sculptor who exhibits under the name Gela Forster. She is a founding member of “Group 1919” of the Dresdner Sezession.
Verlag Ernst Wasmuth, Berlin publishes lithograph portfolio Dreizehn Steinzeichnungen.
Publication of “Archipenko Album,” a monograph with texts by Ivan Goll and Theodor Däubler and the poem “La Tête” by Blaise Cendrars.

1923Angelica and Alexander Archipenko emigrate to the USA. They arrive in New York on board the S.S. Mongolia on October 16.
Opens art school in New York.

1924Teaches summer art school in Woodstock, New York.

1927Receives patents for “Archipentura”, an "Apparatus for Displaying Changeable Pictures and Method for Decorating Changeable Display Apparatus."

1929Purchase of 13 acres of land on rock quarry site in Bearsville, near Woodstock, New York.
Becomes American citizen.
Establishes “Arko,” a school of ceramics in New York City.

1931Solo show at Braxton Galleries, Hollywood, “The Archipenko Exhibition.”
Solo show, Renaissance Gallery, Montecito, California.

1932Lectures on creativity at universities and colleges on Pacific Coast, Midwest and the East Coast.

1933Teaches at Mills College, Oakland, California and at the Chouinard School, Los Angeles.

1935Moves to Los Angeles.
Teaches summer sessions at University of Washington, Seattle.

1937Lives in Chicago. Invited by László Moholy-Nagy to teach at the New Bauhaus Chicago as head of Modelling Workshop.
Germany, Nazis confiscate works by Archipenko as “Degenerate Art.”

1938Opens “Modern School of Fine Arts and Practical Design” in Chicago.
Opens art school in Bearsville.

1939Creates Moses, a seven-foot high sculpture, to benefit artists exiled by the Fascist regimes in Europe.

1942Teaches summer art school in Bearsville.

1944Teaches at Dalton School, New York.
Solo show at Nierendorf Gallery, New York.

1946Teaches summer art school in Bearsville.
Returns to Chicago, teaches at the Institute of Design (formerly Bauhaus).

1947Creates Seated Figure, his first carved plastic sculpture illuminated from within. Moholy-Nagy recounts later that Archipenko invents his own machine at the Bauhaus to carve plastic.
Returns to Chicago, teaches at the Institute of Design (formerly Bauhaus).
Teaches summer art school in Bearsville.

1949First exhibition after the war in Europe at Amt für Kunst, Berlin, Germany.
“Colored Drawings of Archipenko,” Seattle Art Museum, exhibition travels to Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco.
“Alexander Archipenko,” University of Nebraska, Omaha.

1950Teaches at University of Missouri in Kansas City.
Commissioned to create two statues for the entrance of the University of Missouri. The two identical “Iron Figures,” 14-foot high constructions with crossing planes, were completed in 1951.

1951Teaches at Carmel Art Institute, California, at the University of Washington, Seattle, and at the University of Delaware.

1956Teaches at University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.

1957On December 5 his wife Angelica dies at the age of 65, after a long illness.

1960Publishes his book “Archipenko: Fifty Creative Years, 1908-58."
Marries Frances Gray, an artist and former student.
Return of early plasters, which were stored in the South of France since c. 1921.

1962Elected to the Department of Art of the National Institute of Arts and Letters.

1964gestorben in New York City, New York, Vereinigte Staaten


2015“Archipenko: A Modern Legacy” opens at the Palmer Museum of Art of The Pennsylvania State University, curated by Dr. Alexandra Keiser; traveling to The Cummer Museum of Art and Gardens, The Faulconer Gallery at Grinnell College.
Frye Art Museum, Seattle, WA
January 28, 2017 – April 30, 2017.
Mjellby Konstmuseum, Halmstad, Sweden
June 17, 2017 – September 17, 2017.
Øregaard Museum, Hellerup, Denmark
September 29, 2017 – January 21, 2018.

2014“Alexander Archipenko: The Berlin Drawings,” The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston.
Frances Archipenko Gray publishes the memoir "My Life with Alexander Archipenko" (Munich: Hirmer Verlag, 2014).

2013Represented in “Embracing the New: Modernism's Impact on Woodstock Artists,” Woodstock Artists Association and Museum, Woodstock, NY.
Represented in “The Human Face and Form,” McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, Texas.
Represented in “1913 Armory Show Revisited: The Artists And Their Prints,” International Print Center, New York City.
Represented in “The Armory Show at 100: The New Art Spirit,” New York Historical Society, New York City.

2012Represented in "Zentrum der Avantgarde: Der Sturm," Von der Heydt-Museum, Wuppertal, Germany.
Represented in “The Figure in Modern Sculpture,” Forum Gallery, New York City, curated by Dr. Kenneth Wayne.

2010Represented in “Modigliani Sculptor,” Museo di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Rovereto, Italy.

2009Represented in “La Ruche, cité des artistes 1902-2009,” Palais Lumière, Evian, France.
Represented in “Oublier Rodin? La sculpture á Paris, 1905 á 1914,” Musée d’Orsay, Paris, France.
Alexander Archipenko: Skulpturen, Sculptures,” Galerie Thomas, Munich, Germany.
Represented in “Van Doesburg & The International Avant-Garde. Constructing a New World,” Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal, Leiden, The Netherlands.

2008“Alexander Archipenko,” Saarland Museum, Saarbrücken, Germany.

2006Represented in "The Société Anonyme: Modernism for America," Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California.
Represented in "A Lighter Touch: 19th and 20th Century European Art," Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tamaki, Auckland, New Zealand.
"Archipenko 2D/3D: Prints and Sculpture," Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, Florida.
Represented in "L'Ecole de Paris: Entre Primitivism et Nostalgie," Okazaki City Museum, Okazaki, Japan; traveled to Kumamoto Prefectural Museum of Art and Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art.

2005“Alexander Archipenko: Vision and Continuity,” The Ukrainian Museum, New York City, traveled to Smith College Museum of Art and Chazen Museum of Art.
Represented in "Facets of Cubism," Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts.
The Archipenko Foundation publishes the proceedings of the symposium "Alexander Archipenko Revisited," held at Cooper Union, New York, 17 September 2005.

2004Represented in “European Art Between the World Wars,” Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn, New York.
Represented in “A Secret History of Clay: From Gauguin to Gormley,” Tate Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
“Alexander Archipenko: Unknown Works,” Galerie Gmurzynska, Cologne, Germany.

2003Represented in “Pleasures of Collecting: Part II. Twentieth Century and Contemporary Art,” Bruce Museum of Arts and Science, Greenwich, Connecticut.
Represented in "Russisch Paris 1910-1960," Von der Heydt Museum, Wuppertal; traveled to The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg and Musée des Beaux Arts de Bordeaux.
"Refashioning the Figure: The Sketchbooks of Archipenko," Henry Moore Institute, Leeds, England. Essay by Marek Bartelik.

2002“Process and Exploration: Recurring Motifs in the Work of Alexander Archipenko,” Eaton Fine Art, West Palm Beach, Florida.
Represented in “Modigliani & The Artists of Montparnasse,” Albright-Knox-Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York.
Represented in “My Four Kings: Galka Scheyer and the Blue Four,” Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, California.

2001“Alexander Archipenko: Terra Cotta Sculptures,” Zabriskie Gallery, New York.

2000Frances Archipenko Gray establishes The Archipenko Foundation, a non-profit organization.

1997“Archipenko,” Galerie Maeght, Paris.

1996“Archipenko on Paper,” Beth Urdang Gallery, Boston.
Represented in “Tanz in der Moderne. Von Matisse bis Schlemmer,” Kunsthalle Emden, Germany.

1991“Alexander Archipenko: The Sculptor As Printmaker,” Zabriskie Gallery, New York.
“Archipenko,” Galeria Freites, Caracas, Venezuela.

1989Represented in “The Development of Sculptural Form: Auguste Rodin, Alexander Archipenko, Louise Nevelson, David Smith, Nancy Graves,” Associated American Artists, New York.

1987“Alexander Archipenko: The Last Decade 1954 - 64,” Zabriskie Gallery, New York

1986“Alexander Archipenko,” Saarland Museum, Saarbrücken; exhibition travels to Karl-Ernst-Osthaus-Museum, Hagen.
“Alexander Archipenko,” Saarland Museum, Saarbrücken; exhibition travels to Karl-Ernst-Osthaus-Museum, Hagen.
“Alexander Archipenko: A Centennial Tribute,” National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; exhibition travels to The Tel Aviv Museum.

1985“Archipenko: Sculpture, Drawings, and Prints, 1908 - 1963,” Norton Center, Center College, Danville, Kentucky.
“Archipenko: Drawings, Reliefs and Constructions,” Edith C. Blum Institute, Bard College, Annandale-on Hudson, New York.

1982“Archipenko: Naturalism of the 1920s and 1930s,” Zabriskie Gallery, New York.
“Archipenko, The Early Works: 1910 - 1921,” The Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv.

1981Represented in “Herwarth Walden and Der Sturm,” Helen Serger la boétie, inc., New York.

1980Represented in “Three American Sculptors And The Female Nude: Lachaise, Nadelman, Archipenko,” Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge; exhibition travels to Bowdoin College Museum of Art, Brunswick, Maine.

1979“Alexander Archipenko 1887 - 1964: The Late Experimental Years,” Zabriskie Gallery, New York.

1979“Archipenko: The Parisian Years,” The Museum of Modern Art, New York,
“Archipenko: The American Years, 1923-1963,” Bernard Dannenberg Galleries, New York.

1977“Archipenko,” Contemporary Sculpture Center Tokyo; travels to Contemporary Sculpture Center Osaka.

1976“Archipenko –Polychrome Sculptures”, Zabriskie Gallery, New York; exhibition travels to Arts Club of Chicago.

1974“Alexander Archipenko – A Pioneer of Modern Sculpture,” Fuji Television Gallery, Tokyo. Catalog with introduction by Frances Archipenko Gray.

1973Represented in “Pioneers of Modern Sculpture”, Hayward Gallery, London.
“Archipenko at Pace,” Pace Gallery, New York.

1969National Collection of Fine Arts, Smithsonian Institution, organizes the traveling exhibition “Archipenko – International Visionary” in Europe.

1968Retrospective, “Archipenko: Content and Continuity 1908 - 1963,” Kovler Gallery, Chicago.

1967“Alexander Archipenko: A Memorial Exhibition,” organized by UCLA Art Galleries. The traveling retrospective continues through 1969.

1964“Alexander Archipenko, Skulpturen und Zeichnungen,” Galerie Stangl, Munich, Germany.
Alexander Archipenko dies on February 25 in New York, shortly after casting his last bronze King Solomon.

1963Creates portfolio “Les Formes Vivantes,” a series of ten lithographs in an edition of 75, with Erker-Presse in St.Gallen, Switzerland.
Solo shows at Palazzo Barberini, Rome (exhibition catalog with essay by Gino Severini) and at Centro Culturale S. Fedele, Milan, Italy.
Shows in “Sculpture in France,” Auckland, Wellington, Christchurch, New Zealand.

1962Elected to the Department of Art of the National Institute of Arts and Letters.
“Alexander Archipenko: Bronzes,” Perls Galleries, New York.
Elected to the Department of Art of the National Institute of Arts and Letters.
“Alexander Archipenko: Bronzes,” Perls Galleries, New York.
“Alexander Archipenko Exhibition,” Winnipeg Art Gallery, Canada
Shows at several venues in Germany, including Kunsthalle Mannheim and Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne.
“Alexander Archipenko,” Galerie Im Erker, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

1961Represented in “Bildhauer des 20. Jahrhunderts,” Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt.
Represented in 6e Biennale Voor Beelhouwkunst, Middelheim, Antwerp, Belgium.
Represented in “Der Sturm: Herwarth Walden und die Europäische Avantgarde Berlin 1912 - 1932”, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin.

1960Traveling exhibition in Germany, Karl-Ernst-Osthaus-Museum Hagen, Saarland Museum Saarbrücken, Kunstmuseum der Stadt Düsseldorf.

1959“Alexander Archipenko: Bronzes,” Perls Galleries, New York.
Awarded Medaglia d’Oro at XIIIa Biennale d’Arte Trivenata, IIIo Concorso Internazionale del Bronzetto, Salla della Ragione, Padua, Italy.

1957“Archipenko: Recent Polychromes,” Perls Galleries, New York. Catalog with foreword by Alexander Archipenko.

1956Traveling retrospective in Germany continues, Städtische Kunstsammlung Düsseldorf, Kunstverein Freiburg, Charlottenburger Schloss, Berlin.
Shows in Annual Exhibition at Whitney Museum, New York.

1955Large traveling retrospective in Germany, Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt, Städtische Kunsthalle Mannheim, Kunsthalle Recklinghausen.

1954Retrospective “Archipenko 110th Exhibition, Fifty Years Production,” Associated American Artists Galleries, New York

1953Elected Associate Member of International Institute of Arts and Letters.
Shows in “Le Cubisme,” Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris.

1952Shows in Annual Exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.
Shows in “L’Oeuvre du XXe siècle, Peintures, Sculptures,” Musée National D’Art Moderne, Paris, exhibition travels to The Tate Gallery, London, “XXth Century Masterpieces.”
Shows in “Sculpture of the Twentieth Century,” Philadelphia Museum of Art, exhibition traveled to The Art Institute of Chicago, and to The Museum of Modern Art.
“Desenhos de Archipenko,” Museum of Modern Art, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

1951Shows in “American Sculpture”, The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

1950Shows in Annual Exhibition at the Whitney Museum of American Art, New York.

1949First exhibition after the war in Europe at Amt für Kunst, Berlin, Germany.
“Colored Drawings of Archipenko,” Seattle Art Museum, exhibition travels to Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco.
“Alexander Archipenko,” University of Nebraska, Omaha.

1948Shows new acrylic glass works at Associated American Artists Galleries, New York.

1942Solo show at Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago.

1941Solo show at Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago.

1940Shows in “We like Modern Art”, Museum of Modern Art, New York.

1939Solo show at Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago.
Solo show at University of Omaha. The exhibition travels to Springfield Museum of Art and Philadelphia Art Alliance.

1938Solo show at Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago.

1937Solo show at Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago.

1936Shows in “Cubism and Abstract Art,” Museum of Modern Art, New York, curated by Alfred Barr.

1935Shows 44 works, including the Mâ-series at the Ukrainian Pavilion at the World Fair “A Century of Progress.” His narrative “M” is reproduced in the exhibition catalog.

1933Shows 44 works, including the Mâ-series at the Ukrainian Pavilion at the World Fair “A Century of Progress.” His narrative “M” is reproduced in the exhibition catalog.

1932Solo show at John Levy Galleries, New York City.

1931Solo show at Braxton Galleries, Hollywood, “The Archipenko Exhibition.”
Solo show, Renaissance Gallery, Montecito, California.

1929“An Exhibition of Sculpture and Paintings,” The Arts Club, Chicago.
“The Archipenko Exhibition,” Braxton Gallery, Hollywood. Josef von Sternberg purchases 18 works from the exhibition.

1928“Archipenko,” The Anderson Galleries, New York, organized by Katherine Dreier and the Société Anonyme. Presents Archipentura for first time, catalog essay by Alexander Archipenko.

1924“The Archipenko Exhibition,” Kingore Gallery, New York, under the auspieces of The Société Anonyme.

1923Solo shows at Leipziger Kunstverein, Leipzig.

1922Shows in “Erste Russische Kunstausstellung,” Galerie van Diemen, Berlin.
Solo shows in Germany at Galerie Fritz Gurlitt, Berlin and Kunstsalon Ludwig Schames, Frankfurt.

1921"Archipenko," Société Anonyme, New York, organized by Katherine Dreier and Marcel Duchamp.

1920Shows in the last Cubist group exhibition at Salon des Indépendants.
Solo show at Venice Biennale, Russian Pavillion, “Mostra Individuale di Alexandre Archipenko.”
Shows in La Section d’Or, in Paris, Geneva, Brussels, Rome, and Rotterdam, The Hague, Amsterdam.

1919Shows in “Exhibition of French Art 1914 - 1919,” Mansard Gallery, Heal & Son, Ltd., London.
“Tournée de l’exposition de sculptures, sculpto-peintures, peintures, dessins de Alexandre Archipenko,” opens in Geneva, Switzerland. Traveling to other locations in Zurich, Paris, London, Amsterdam, Brussels, Dresden, Munich, Düsseldorf and New York.

1914Shows at the Mánes Fine Arts Association in Prague, along with Brancusi and Duchamp-Villon.
Solo show in Halle, Germany, organized by Der Sturm.
Shows at the Salon des Indépendants. Apollinaire publishes a review in L’Intransigeant (March 2, 1914): “Le Salon des Indépendants.”
Shows at the Esposizione Libera Futurista Internazionale in Rome.

1913hows at the Salon des Indépendants.
Shows at the Armory Show in New York.
Galerie Der Sturm: “17. Ausstellung: Alexander Archipenko,” catalog foreword by Apollinaire.

1912Shows at the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d’Automne.
Shows in La Section d’Or, Galerie La Boétie, Paris.
Solo show at Museum Folkwang, Hagen, Germany. Apollinaire writes an introduction for the exhibition catalog.

1911Shows with Cubists at the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d’Automne.

1910First public exhibition in Paris at the Salon des Indépendants with Cubists, including Delaunay, Duchamp, Duchamp-Villon, Le Fauconnier, Gleizes, Léger, Lhote and Metzinger. He also takes part in the Salons of 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, and 1920.

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